(4/26/1889, Vienna - 4/29/1951, Cambridge/Great Britain)
A philosopher of international standing. He was the youngest son of a wealthy, cultivated Austrian Industrial family. He first studied engineering in Berlin and Manchester, before turning to mathematics, logic and philosophy; maintained contact with Gottlob Frege in Jena and Bertrand Russel in Cambridge. He took part in WWI as a volunteer and was captured by the Italians in 1918.
In the years following the war, he sought to give away his fortune, worked as a schoolteacher and architect beforehe found his legendary calling as a Cambridge lecturer, who only taught his own work and was completely unorthodox. In 1921, he published “Tractatus logico philosophicus”.
His other writings, which concerned themselves primarily with the philosophy of language, were posthumously published.
In the summer of 1914, Wittgenstein made a donation of 100,000 crowns to needy Austrian artists and asked Ludwig von Ficker of Der Brenner to oversee its distribution. Ficker requested that 20,000 of it be sent to Trakl. Concerning this poet a quote-worthy sentence is delivered .
When Trakl attempted to withdraw the first installment from an Innsbruck bank, he ran away due to a panic attack. Soon after that Trakl became a reservist in the war in Galicia, and never received the money. In a letter written to Ficker from the garrison hospital on
October 27th, six days before his death, Trakl bequeathed
all his worldly belongings
to his sister Grete. At this time Trakl sent Wittgenstein a card asking for an audience since being informed by Ficker that he was near Krakow. When Wittgenstein received Trakl's note after returning from a scouting mission along the Weichsel river, he went to the hospital, but found that Trakl died from an overdose of concaine three days before.